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Thursday, October 28, 2010

Mukesh


Mukesh Chand Mathur (Hindi: मुकेश चन्द माथुर) (22 July 1923 – 27 August 1976) was an Indian playback singer of Bollywood. He alongside Mohammad Rafi and Kishore Kumar left such an impact on the Hindi Film Industry that they are still remembered to date.

Early life

Mukesh Chand Mathur was born in a Punjabi Kayastha family in Delhi to Zorawar Chand Mathur, an engineer, and Chand Rani. He was the sixth in a family of ten children. The music teacher who came home to teach Mukesh's sister, Sundar Pyari, found a pupil in Mukesh who would listen from the adjoining room. Mukesh left school after the 10th grade and worked briefly for the Delhi Department of Public Works. He experimented with voice recordings during his employment in Delhi and gradually developed his singing abilities.

Singing career

Mukesh's voice was first noticed by Motilal, a distant relative, when he sang at his sister's wedding. Motilal took him to Bombay, put him up and arranged for singing lessons by Pandit Jagannath Prasad. During this period Mukesh was offered a role in a Hindi film, Nirdosh (Innocent) (1941). His first song was dil hi bujha hua ho to as an actor singer for Nirdosh. He got his break as a playback singer for Actor Motilal in 1945 with the film Pehli Nazar' with Music by Anil Biswas & Lyrics by Aah Sitapuri' (First Look). The first song that he sang for a Hindi film was Dil Jalta Hai to Jalne De (If the heart burns, let it burn), which was picturised on Motilal.
He was such a fan of K. L. Saigal that in his early years of playback singing he used to imitate his idol. In fact, it is said that when K. L. Saigal first heard the song Dil Jalta Hai to Jalne De, he remarked, "That's strange, I don't recall singing that song".
He is best known for the songs he sang as a playback singer for Raj Kapoor, a legendary actor/director of Bollywood in the 1950s and 1960s.
In 1974, Mukesh received National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer for the song Kain baar yoon bhi dekhaa hai from Rajnigandha (1974), and Filmfare Awards for the songs Sab Kuch Seekha in the movie Anari (1959), Sabse bada naadan wahi hai in Pehchaan (1970), Jai Bolo in Be Imaan (1972) and Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein, the title song of Kabhie Kabhie (1976).

Death

A detailed minute by minute description of Mukesh's final moments is broadcast every August 27th from 8pm EST to 11pm EST on www.easy96.com
Mukesh died of a heart attack on 27 August 1976 in Detroit, Michigan, USA, where he had gone to perform in a concert. His body was carried back to India by Lata Mangeshkar, where a grand funeral ceremony was held in the presence of several famous actors, personalities of the Indian film industry, and fans paying tribute. When the news of his death reached Raj Kapoor, he burst into tears, and remarked, "I have lost my voice," which is a testimony to the association of Mukesh's voice (in playback) to the immensely popular songs of Raj Kapoor's films.
After Mukesh's death, his newer, hitherto unreleased, songs were released in 1977 in films such as Dharam Veer, Amar Akbar Anthony, Khel Khiladi Ka, Darinda and Chandi Sona. The year 1978 also featured a considerable number of Mukesh's songs in films such as Aahuti, Paramatma, Tumhari Kasam and Satyam Shivam Sundaram, where Mukesh sang his last film song "Chanchal Sheetal Nirmal Komal" for Raj Kapoor's younger brother, Shashi Kapoor. From 1980 onward, Mukesh's voice was heard in many later released films such as Shaitan Mujarim, Premika, Patthar Se Takkar (1980), Sanjh Ki Bela, Maila Anchal (1981), Aarohi (1982), Chor Mandali (1983), Nirlaj (1985), Love and God (1986), Shubh Chintak (1989), and his last known release of Chand Grahan (1997).

Personal life

Mukesh married Sarla Trivedi Raichand alias Bachhiben in a temple in Kandiwali in 1946, at the residence of R. D. Mathur. Sarla was the daughter of a Gujarati Brahmin millionaire. With no proper house, an erratic income and what was then considered in India a supposedly "immoral" profession, Mukesh and Sarla were forced to elope. Everyone made dire predictions of unhappy days and divorce, but both weathered the lean days and celebrated their thirtieth wedding anniversary on 22 July 1976, five days before his departure for the U.S.A. on 27 July 1976. The couple had five children - Rita, Nitin, Nalini(d. 1978), Mohnish (Taboo - nick name) and Namrata (Amrita). He is the grandfather of actor Neil Nitin Mukesh.

Awards

Winner

National Film Awards

Filmfare Awards

Winner
Nominated
  • 1961 - Hothon Pe Sacchai song in the film Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai
  • 1964 - Dost Dost Na Raha song in the film Sangam
  • 1967 - Sawan Ka Mahina song in the film Milan
  • 1970 - Bas Yehi Apradh Main Har Baar Karta Hoon song in the film Pehchan
  • 1972 - Ek Pyar Ka Nagma song in the film Shor
  • 1974 - Main Na Bhoolunga song in the film Roti Kapda Aur Makaan
  • 1976 - Main Pal Do Pal Ka Shayar song in the film Kabhie Kabhie
  • 1976 - Ek Din Bik Jayega, Maati Ke Mol song in the film Dharam Karam
  • 1977 - Suhani Chandni Raten song in the film Mukti
  • 1978 - Chanchal Sheetal song in the film Satyam Shivam Sundaram

Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards

Winner
  • 1967 - Best Male Playback Singer for Teesri Kasam [1]
  • 1968 - Best Male Playback Singer for Milan [2]
  • 1970 - Best Male Playback Singer for Saraswatichandra [3]

Filmography

 The following is a list of Gujarati movie songs by Mukesh:

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